Ilex cochinchinensis

Site
CONIF
BLD
BLE
SCL
LEG
ZONPALM
ARBFERN
D-HERB
M-HERB
AZONAL WOODY
AZONAL NON-WOODY
AQUATIC
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
1.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
1.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00

Comments

Vasilis Teodoridis:
Aquifoliaceae | Ilex

164. Ilex cochinchinensis (Loureiro) Loesener; Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 78: 230. 1901.

???? yue nan dong qing

Hexadica cochinchinensis Loureiro; Fl. Cochinch. 2: 562. 1790; Ilex ardisioides Loesener; I. cleyeroides Hayata; I. oligadenia Merrill & Chun.

Trees evergreen; ca. 15 m tall; bark gray or gray-brown. Branchlets red-brown; terete; longitudinally rugose; current year’s branchlets longitudinally striate-sulcate; puberulent along groove; second to third year’s with slightly raised; light-colored lenticels; leaf scars slightly raised; circular; terminal buds sub globose; very sparsely puberulent. Stipules deltoid; minute; petiole 7-10 mm; abaxially rounded; transversely plicate- rugose; glabrous; adaxially longitudinally broadly and shallowly sulcate; leaf blade abaxially greenish; adaxially deep green; shiny; elliptic; oblong-elliptic; oblong-lanceolate; or oblanceolate; 6-16 x 3-4.5 cm; leathery; abaxially punctate; both surfaces glabrous; midvein impressed; narrowly and shallowly sulcate adaxially; lateral veins 7-12 pairs; curved; furcate and anastomosing near margin; slightly raised abaxially; flattened and evident adaxially; reticulate veins evident abaxially; obscure adaxially; base obtuse or cuneate; margin entire; apex acuminate. Inflorescences: cymes; fasciculate; axillary on second year’s branchlets. Male inflorescences: cymes of order 2; 3-flowered; bracts broadly deltoid; thickly leathery; apex acute; peduncles 6-10 mm; pedicels 2-3 mm; glabrous or minutely puberulent; flowers white; 4-merous; calyx patelliform; deeply 4-lobed; rarely 5-lobed; lobes orbicular; ciliate; corolla rotate; petals ovate; basally slightly connate; ciliate; stamens shorter than petals; anthers oblong-ovoid; rudimentary ovary rostrate. Female flowers not known. Infructescences: 1-fruited cymes; fascicles 3-7-fruited; fruiting pedicels 8-13(-15) mm; puberulent; bracteoles 1(or 2); subbasal; deltoid. Fruit red; globose; 5-7 mm in diam.; persistent calyx shallowly cup-shaped; ca. 4 mm in diam.; puberulent; shallowly 4-lobed; lobes orbicular; ciliate; persistent stigma mammilliform; apex retuse; slightly 4-lobed; pyrenes 4 or 5; oblong-trigonous; 5-6 mm; ca. 2.5 mm in diam.; smooth; endocarp leathery. Fl. Feb-Apr; fr. May-Dec.

Dense forests; mixed forests; stream banks; valleys; middle elevations. Guangdong; Guangxi; Hainan; S Taiwan [Cambodia; N Vietnam].

Vasilis Teodoridis:
Aquifoliaceae | Ilex

164. Ilex cochinchinensis (Loureiro) Loesener; Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 78: 230. 1901.

???? yue nan dong qing

Hexadica cochinchinensis Loureiro; Fl. Cochinch. 2: 562. 1790; Ilex ardisioides Loesener; I. cleyeroides Hayata; I. oligadenia Merrill & Chun.

Trees evergreen; ca. 15 m tall; bark gray or gray-brown. Branchlets red-brown; terete; longitudinally rugose; current year’s branchlets longitudinally striate-sulcate; puberulent along groove; second to third year’s with slightly raised; light-colored lenticels; leaf scars slightly raised; circular; terminal buds sub globose; very sparsely puberulent. Stipules deltoid; minute; petiole 7-10 mm; abaxially rounded; transversely plicate- rugose; glabrous; adaxially longitudinally broadly and shallowly sulcate; leaf blade abaxially greenish; adaxially deep green; shiny; elliptic; oblong-elliptic; oblong-lanceolate; or oblanceolate; 6-16 x 3-4.5 cm; leathery; abaxially punctate; both surfaces glabrous; midvein impressed; narrowly and shallowly sulcate adaxially; lateral veins 7-12 pairs; curved; furcate and anastomosing near margin; slightly raised abaxially; flattened and evident adaxially; reticulate veins evident abaxially; obscure adaxially; base obtuse or cuneate; margin entire; apex acuminate. Inflorescences: cymes; fasciculate; axillary on second year’s branchlets. Male inflorescences: cymes of order 2; 3-flowered; bracts broadly deltoid; thickly leathery; apex acute; peduncles 6-10 mm; pedicels 2-3 mm; glabrous or minutely puberulent; flowers white; 4-merous; calyx patelliform; deeply 4-lobed; rarely 5-lobed; lobes orbicular; ciliate; corolla rotate; petals ovate; basally slightly connate; ciliate; stamens shorter than petals; anthers oblong-ovoid; rudimentary ovary rostrate. Female flowers not known. Infructescences: 1-fruited cymes; fascicles 3-7-fruited; fruiting pedicels 8-13(-15) mm; puberulent; bracteoles 1(or 2); subbasal; deltoid. Fruit red; globose; 5-7 mm in diam.; persistent calyx shallowly cup-shaped; ca. 4 mm in diam.; puberulent; shallowly 4-lobed; lobes orbicular; ciliate; persistent stigma mammilliform; apex retuse; slightly 4-lobed; pyrenes 4 or 5; oblong-trigonous; 5-6 mm; ca. 2.5 mm in diam.; smooth; endocarp leathery. Fl. Feb-Apr; fr. May-Dec.

Dense forests; mixed forests; stream banks; valleys; middle elevations. Guangdong; Guangxi; Hainan; S Taiwan [Cambodia; N Vietnam].