Litchi chinensis

Site
CONIF
BLD
BLE
SCL
LEG
ZONPALM
ARBFERN
D-HERB
M-HERB
AZONAL WOODY
AZONAL NON-WOODY
AQUATIC
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
1.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00

Comments

Vasilis Teodoridis:
Sapindaceae | Litchi

1. Litchi chinensis Sonnerat; Voy. Indes Orient. 3: 255. 1782.

?? li zhi

Dimocarpus lichi Loureiro; Litchi chinensis var. euspontanea H. H. Hsue; Nephelium chinense (Sonnerat) Druce; N. lit-chi Cambess?des; Scytalia chinensis (Sonnerat) Gaertner.

Trees; evergreen; often less than 10 m tall; sometimes to 15 m tall or more. Bark grayish black; branches brownish red; terete; with dense white lenticels. Leaves with petiole 10-25 cm or longer; leaflets 2 or 3(or 4) pairs; petiolules 7-8 mm; blades adaxially deep green and shiny; lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate; sometimes elliptic-lanceolate; 6-15 x 2-4 cm; thinly leathery or leathery; abaxially glaucous; glabrous; lateral veins often slender; conspicuous or slightly prominent abaxially; margin entire; apex cuspidate or shortly caudate-acuminate. Inflorescences terminal; large; many branched. Pedicels 2-4 mm; slender; sometimes short and stout. Calyx golden tomentose. Stamens 6 or 7; sometimes 8; filaments ca. 4 mm. Ovary densely tuberculous
and hispid. Fruit usually dark red to fresh red when mature; globose to subglobose; 2-3.5 cm. Seeds thoroughly covered by fleshy arillode. Fl. spring; fr. summer.

Native in SW Guangdong (Xuwen) and Hainan; widely cultivated in S China; especially in S Fujian and Guangdong [Laos; Malaysia; Myanmar; New Guinea; Philippines; Thailand; Vietnam; widely cultivated in subtropical regions].

Long cultivated in China; this species is famous for its fruit (litchi; lichee; lychee). Nowadays there are about ten cultivars in China.