D62: Albanian Balkan pine forests (Pinus peuce) with Sorbus aria, Daphne oleoides, Rhamnus saxatilis, Globularia cordifolia, Thymus boissieri on serpentine rocks

CountryAlbania
Province M. Allaman; Yugoslavia (Montenegro)
References

Vangjeli 1982

Remarks

CONIF
BLD
BLE
SCL
LEG
ZONPALM
ARBFERN
D-HERB
M-HERB
AZONAL WOODY
AZONAL NON-WOODY
AQUATIC
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
Sum of taxa
CONIF
3.00
BLD
2.70
BLE
3.33
SCL
1.63
LEG
0.34
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
5.40
M-HERB
2.20
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.40
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
Percentage of zonal taxa
CONIF
16.13
BLD
14.52
BLE
17.90
SCL
8.76
LEG
1.83
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
29.03
M-HERB
11.83
Percentage of zonal woody angiosperms
BLD
33.75
BLE
41.63
SCL
20.38
LEG
4.25
ZONPALM
0.00
Sum of all taxa19.00
Sum of zonal taxa18.60
Sum of zonal woody angiosperms8.00
Sum of % SCL + LEG24.63
Sum of % D-HERB + M-HERB (ZONAL HERB)40.86

Vegetation types

No vegetation types.

EuroVegMap information

Title

Albanian Balkan pine forests (Pinus peuce) with Sorbus aria, Daphne oleoides, Rhamnus saxatilis, Globularia cordifolia, Thymus boissieri on serpentine rocks

Geographical distribution

Country/territory
North Albania: M. Allaman; Yugoslavia (Montenegro): Prokletije mountains
area covered
430 km²
area frequency
1 Polygon.

Scientific names of main plant communities and their most common synonyms (with author citation)

Pinetum peucis Janković 1959° or/and Pineteum peucis montenegrinum Blečić & Tatić 1957°

Structural feature of the main community(ies) (layers, life-forms, etc.)

In the tree layer Pinus peuce dominates. The shrub layer is sparsely developed. The herb layer contains several dwarf shrubs; the more frequent herbaceous plants are acid indicators such as Sesleria coerulans, Festucopsis serpentini, Minuartia baldaccii, Trifolium pilczii, Cardamine plumieri etc. This plant community is developed mainly at steep slopes with a loose tree stand.

Dominant and most frequent species in different layers

Tree layer
Pinus peuce, isolated admixed Pinus heldreichii, Fagus sylvatica
Shrub layer
Daphne oleoides, Daphne blagayana, Sorbus aria, Genista hassertiana, Rhamnus saxatilis
Lianas
---
Herb layer
Erica carnea, Vaccinium myrtillus, Globularia cordifolia, Minuartia baldaccii, Thymus boissieri, Sesleria coerulans, Festucopsis serpentini, Narthecium scardicum, Lilium albanicum, Alyssum bertolonii subsp. scutarinum
Moss layer (incl. lichens)
No details

Diagnostically important species

Pinus peuce; Daphne blagayana, Daphne oleoides, Rhamnus saxatilis; Festucopsis serpentini, Sesleria coerulans, Alyssum bertolonii subsp. scutarinum, Thymus boissieri, Minuartia baldaccii

Ecological variants

No details

Geographical variants (geogr. differential species)

---

Natural accompanying vegetation (most important units in complex with the name giving mapping unit, scientific names)

Pinus heldreichii forests.

Adjoining climax and permanent vegetation (with numbers of mapping units)

alpine grasslands (B54, B55), subalpine krummholz scrubs (C38, C39), species-poor beech forests (F89), species-rich fir-beech forests (F143), pine forests (K6, K7).

Land use, substitute communities

forestry (substitute communities, plantations of economic tree-species, scrub)
---
grassland (meadows, pastures, herb-rich communities)
No details
arable land (characteristic weed communities)
---
settlements (typical ruderal vegetation)
---

Site conditions of the mapping unit

Landscape type, geomorphology
High-mountain regions, rocky, very steep slopes
Altitudinal belt and/or altitudinal range
altimontane to subalpine; 1700-2200 m
Geology (bedrock)
siliceous rock (serpentine)
Soil conditions
soil type, also the depth of fine textured earth (soil), stone content; (international nomenclature)
ranker, mountain brown soils; (leptosols; dystric cambisols)
soil texture
rocky, stony; loamy
soil moisture, water balance
dry
soil reaction
strongly to moderately acidic
soil fertility
oligo-mesotrophic
Climate incl. local climate
climate type (following Walter & Lieth)
X
average annual temperature
8-12 °C
average annual precipitation
to 1700 mm
average temperature of the warmest month
20-22 °C
average temperature of the coldest month
-1 to 3 °C
local climate or other climatic peculiarities
---

Importance for nature protection

Present state and development trend of natural vegetation (degree of endangerment)
These forests have been severely cleared and decimated.
endangered communities, species worthy of protection in natural vegetation
very small, isolated and endangered communities with locally endemic species, most worthy of protection.
causes of endangerment
Pasturing, timber exploitation, natural fires.
required measures for protection and restitution
Semi-natural stands should be strictly protected.

Localities of representative stands (loci typici) with state of protection

of the natural vegetation
Albania: M. Allaman; Yugoslavia (Montenegro): Prokletije-Mountains.
of characteristic substitute communities worthy of protection
No details

Most important references (author, year)

Vangjeli 1982

Compiled by

J. Vangjeli

Taxons

Taxon
CONIF
BLD
BLE
SCL
LEG
ZONPALM
ARBFERN
D-HERB
M-HERB
AZONAL WOODY
AZONAL NON-WOODY
AQUATIC
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.80
M-HERB
0.20
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
1.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
1.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
1.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
1.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.50
M-HERB
0.50
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.50
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.50
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.70
M-HERB
0.30
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
1.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.60
M-HERB
0.40
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.80
M-HERB
0.20
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.20
M-HERB
0.40
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.40
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
1.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
1.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.20
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.80
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.80
M-HERB
0.20
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
1.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.00
SCL
0.00
LEG
0.00
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
1.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00
CONIF
0.00
BLD
0.00
BLE
0.33
SCL
0.33
LEG
0.34
ZONPALM
0.00
ARBFERN
0.00
D-HERB
0.00
M-HERB
0.00
AZONAL WOODY
0.00
AZONAL NON-WOODY
0.00
AQUATIC
0.00
PROBLEMATIC TAXA
0.00